Components and materials for bearings
Date:2022-10-21 Editor:Oukai Bearing

A typical rolling bearing consists of the following components (fig. 1):

                                   fig. 1 - Bearing components

an inner ring

an outer ring
balls or rollers, as rolling elements
a cage

We supplies several bearing types capped with a seal or shield on one or both sides. Bearings capped on both sides are factory-filled with grease. They provide an economic and space-saving solution compared to external sealing.

Bearing rings

The pressure at the rolling contact area and the cyclic overrolling creates fatigue in the bearing rings when the bearing is in operation. To cope with such fatigue, rings that are made of steel must be hardened.
The standard steel for bearing rings and washers is 100Cr6, a steel containing approximately 1% carbon and 1,5% chromium.
Bearing rings and washers are made of steel in accordance with specifications. They cover all aspects that are relevant to providing a long service life for the bearing. 

Rolling elements
The rolling elements (balls or rollers) transfer the load between inner and outer rings. Typically, the same steel is used for rolling elements as for bearing rings and washers. When required, rolling elements can be made of ceramic material. Bearings containing ceramic rolling elements are considered hybrid bearings and are becoming more and more common.


The primary purposes of a cage are:

separating the rolling elements to reduce the frictional heat generated in the bearing
keeping the rolling elements evenly spaced to optimize load distribution
guiding the rolling elements in the unloaded zone of the bearing
retaining the rolling elements of separable bearings when one bearing ring is removed during mounting or dismounting

Cages are radially centred (fig. 2) either on::

                               fig. 2 - Options for cage centring

the rolling elements
the inner ring
the outer ring

Cages centred on the rolling elements permit the lubricant to enter the bearing easily. Ring centred cages, which provide more precise guidance, are typically used when bearings must accommodate high speeds, high vibration levels or inertia forces stemming from movements of the whole bearing.

The main cage types are:

Stamped metal cages (fig. 3)

          fig. 3 - Stamped metal cage

Stamped metal cages (sheet steel or sometimes sheet brass) are lightweight and withstand high temperatures.

Machined metal cages (fig. 4)

         fig. 4 - Machined metal cage

Machined metal cages are made of brass or sometimes steel or light alloy. They permit high speeds, temperatures, accelerations and vibrations.

Polymer cages (fig. 5)

              fig. 5 - Polymer cage

Polymer cages are made of polyamide 66 (PA66), polyamide 46 (PA46) or sometimes polyetheretherketone (PEEK) or other polymer materials. The good sliding properties of polymer cages produce little friction and, therefore, permit high speeds. Under poor lubrication conditions, these cages reduce the risk of seizure and secondary damage because they can operate for some time with limited lubrication.

Pin-type cages (fig. 6)

              fig. 6 - Pin-type cage

Steel pin-type cages need pierced rollers and are only used together with large-sized roller bearings. These cages have relatively low weight and enable a large number of rollers to be incorporated.

Integral sealing

Integral sealing can significantly prolong bearing service life because it keeps lubricant in the bearing and contaminants out of it. Oukai bearings are available with various capping devices:
There is a small gap between the shield and inner ring. Bearings fitted with shields (fig. 7) are used where the operating conditions are relatively clean, or where low friction is important because of speed or operating temperature considerations.

   fig. 7 - Shield


Bearings with seals are preferred for arrangements where contamination is moderate. Where the presence of water or moisture cannot be ruled out, contact seals (fig. 8) are typically used. These seals make positive contact with the sliding surface on one of the bearing rings. Low-friction seals (fig. 9) and non-contact seals (fig. 10) can accommodate the same speeds as bearings with shields, but with improved sealing effectiveness.


fig. 8 - Contact seal                 fig. 9 - Low-friction seal              fig. 10 - Non-contact seal

Contact us
Shandong Oukai Bearing Manufacturing Co.,Ltd


Phone:150 9506 6919


Address:Yandian Industry Park, Linqing City, Shandong Province